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According to legend, the use of tea appeared in China in the year 2 737 BC where tree leaves were detached to fall into the hot water of Emperor Shennong. Thus, in China, tea is an institution: it is drunk throughout the day. In Japan, we talk about tea ceremony: it is a traditional ritual influenced by Zen Buddhism in which powdered green tea is prepared ceremonially by an experienced practitioner and is served to a small group of guests in a setting calm. In Russia, the first traces of tea date from 1567, but it was not until the 1850s that the consumption of tea spread throughout the empire and reached all social strata. In the Maghreb, tea appeared in the middle of the 19th century, introduced by the English who were looking for new markets. Quickly adopted, tea is the most refined expression of hospitality. Offering it is part of the rules of good manners. In Europe, tea was introduced in 1606 by the Dutch. In England, the "Five o'clock tea" becomes a custom which would have been established in the XIXth century by the seventh duchess of Bedford.